6. Gestures

Gesture refers to visible bodily activity that is closely integrated into utterances.  We study the detailed analysis of gestures presented in [Kendon 2004].

  1. Gestures as a part of speaker’s utterances
  2. A gesture is defined as an “excursion”, a series of coordinated motion of body parts from and to a position of relaxation.  Kendon calls each “excursion” a gesture unit, which in turn consists of one or more gesture phrase consisting of a preparation, a stroke, and optionally a post-gestural hold, followed by a relaxation.
  3. First, we observe how utterance and gesture components are “orchestrated”.
  4. Second, we see how gestures contribute to the meaning of speaker’s utterances.
  5. Third, we investigate how gestures are used to refer to the entities in the environment.
  6. Finally, we study four gesture families in which gestures belonging to each family have similarities both in shape and meaning.   The first two families are called gestures of precision grip: grappolo and R-display.  The remaining two families are the open hand: open hand prone and open hand supine.

PPT

Available only for registered students.

References

  • [Kendon 2004] Kendon, A.: Gesture, Cambridge University Press, 2004.